Rocks & mirror
WÄRTSILÄ
Encyclopedia of Marine and Energy Technology

C

620 results

Capillary action

energy

Capillary action (sometimes capillarity, capillary motion, capillary effect, or wicking) is the process of a liquid flowing in narrow spaces without the assistance of, or even in opposition to, external forces like gravity.

Capital expenditure (CAPEX)

energy

Capital expenditures are funds used by a company to acquire, upgrade, and maintain physical assets such as property, plants, buildings, technology, or equipment.

Capital-intensive tonnage

marine

Vessel demanding relatively large investments, e.g. cruise ships, gas and chemical tankers, etc.

Capsizing

marine

In common understanding, by capsizing people generally mean a sudden passing of a ship from the upright position to the upside down position.

Capstan, warping capstan

marine

A warping head with a vertical axis used for handling mooring or other lines. - Anchor capstan – A capstan in which the warping head is replaced by a cable lifter.

Captain, master

marine

The highest officer aboard ship responsible for the safety of the ship, crew and cargo. The captain oversees all ship operations, keeps ship records and handles accounts

Car carriers

marine

Vessels specially designed for efficient transport of cars (pure car carriers), or variety of cars, trucks, tractors and buses (pure car/truck carriers).

Car deck ramp

marine

A one section ramp with flaps, integrated in a fixed or hoistable car deck panel, or just hinged or connected to the car deck edge.

Car decks

marine

Light decks fitted in ferries and ro-ro vessels. Except for pure car carriers, car decks are usually designed to be movable.

Carbon bubble

energy

The carbon bubble is a hypothesized bubble in the valuation of companies dependent on fossil-fuel-based energy production, because the true costs of carbon dioxide in intensifying global warming are not yet taken into account in a company's stock market valuation.

Carbon capture and storage

energy

A process of capturing waste CO2 from industry and storing in a method where it is not released into the atmosphere.

Carbon capture and storage (CCS)

marine

Process of trapping carbon dioxide produced by burning fossil fuels or any other chemical or biological process and storing it in such a way that it is unable to affect the atmosphere.

Carbon credit

energy

A carbon credit is a generic term for any tradable certificate or permit representing the right to emit one tonne of carbon dioxide or the equivalent amount of a different greenhouse gas.

Carbon cycle

energy

The carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged among the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere of the Earth.

Carbon dioxide (CO2)

energy

Carbon dioxide is a naturally occurring gas in the atmosphere. It is also produced by burning fossil fuels which is described as a "greenhouse" gas which is extremely detrimental to the environment. Greenhouse gases are on the increase but are being offset by the increasing use of renewable energies.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) flooding system

marine

A fixed installation designed to displace the oxygen in the protected space and thus extinguish the fire, usually used to fight fires in engine rooms, boiler rooms, pump rooms and holds.

Carbon fixation

energy

Carbon fixation or сarbon assimilation is the process by which inorganic carbon (particularly in the form of carbon dioxide) is converted to organic compounds by living organisms.

Carbon footprint

marine

Amount of carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds emitted due to the consumption of fossil fuels.

Carbon monoxide (CO)

energy

Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless dangerous flammable gas that is slightly less dense than air.

Carbon neutral

energy

Carbon neutrality means having a balance between emitting carbon and absorbing carbon from the atmosphere. This can be acheived by reducing carbon emmissions and capturing carbon or funding carbon capture in other areas creating a zero effect.

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