WÄRTSILÄ
Encyclopedia of Marine and Energy Technology

A

303 results

Abandonment

marine

All operations required for breaking out stowage and the safe disengagement and clearing away of the life-saving equipment with full complement from the stricken ship.

Abiogenic petroleum

energy

Abiogenic petroleum origin is a body of hypotheses which propose that petroleum and natural gas deposits are mostly formed by inorganic means, rather than by the decomposition of organisms.

Able-bodied seaman (A.B.)

marine

A member of the deck crew who is able to perform all the duties of an experienced seaman; must have three years of sea service.

Abnormal condition

marine

A condition that occurs in a process system when an operating variable (flow, pressure, temperature, etc.) ranges outside of its normal operating limits, (ABS).

Abrasion

marine

Scraping or wearing away, rubbing off.

Abrasion resistance

marine

Resistance to frictional rubbing.

Abrasive

marine

Agent used for blast cleaning before coating application.

Abrasive blasting

marine

Cleaning of steel with abrasives propelled by compressed air jet preparatory to painting.

Absolute cavity radiometer

energy

An instrument used for very accurate measurements of solar irradiance.

Absolute pressure

energy

Absolute pressure is zero-referenced against a perfect vacuum, using an absolute scale, so it is equal to gauge pressure plus atmospheric pressure.

Absolute zero

energy

Absolute zero is the lowest limit of the thermodynamic temperature scale, a state at which the enthalpy and entropy of a cooled ideal gas reach their minimum value, taken as zero kelvins.

Absorbed dose

energy

Absorbed dose is a dose quantity which is the measure of the energy deposited in matter by ionizing radiation per unit mass.

Absorbent glass mat battery

energy

AGM batteries differ from flooded lead–acid batteries in that the electrolyte is held in the glass mats, as opposed to freely flooding the plates.

Absorbent material

marine

Substance that is able to take in moisture, oil, etc.

Absorption

energy

In physics, absorption of electromagnetic radiation is how matter (typically electrons bound in atoms) takes up a photon's energy — and so transforms electromagnetic energy into internal energy of the absorber (for example, thermal energy).

Absorption refrigerator

energy

An absorption refrigerator is a refrigerator that uses a heat source (e.g., solar energy, a fossil-fueled flame, waste heat from factories, or district heating systems) to provide the energy needed to drive the cooling process.

Abutment

energy

An abutment is the substructure at the ends of a bridge span or dam supporting its superstructure.

AC connectors

energy

AC power plugs and sockets connect electric equipment to the alternating current power supply.

AC generator

energy

An AC generator converts mechanical energy into alternating current electricity.

Accelerated aging

energy

Accelerated aging is testing that uses aggravated conditions of heat, humidity, oxygen, sunlight, vibration, etc. to speed up the normal aging processes of items.

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