Wärtsilä 31DF

The Wärtsilä 31 is the first of a new generation of medium speed engines, designed to set a new benchmark in efficiency and overall emissions performance.

The Wärtsilä 31 is available in 8 to 16 cylinder configurations and has a power output ranging from 4.2 to 8.8 MW, at 720 and 750 rpm. The launch of the Wärtsilä 31 introduces a 4-stroke engine having the best fuel economy of any engine in its class. At the same time, it maintains outstanding performance across the complete operating range. Its modular design enables a significant reduction in maintenance time and costs, thereby improving power availability and reducing the need for spare parts.

Wärtsilä 31 is recognised by Guinness World Records as the world's most efficient 4-stroke diesel engine.

    The Wärtsilä 31 retains its high efficiency and environmental values throughout the entire lifecycle of the vessel.
    • Lowest fuel consumption over a wide operating range.
    • Highest cylinder power in its segment, 610 kW/cylinder.
    • Available in Diesel, Dual Fuel (DF) and Pure Gas (SG) versions.
    • Meets the coming IMO Tier 3 regulations when operating on gas, and with an SCR when using diesel fuel. The SCR has a minimal effect on fuel consumption.
    • Reliability guaranteed through extensive validation and Wärtsilä’s vast manufacturing experience.
    • Supported by Wärtsilä’s extensive global service network.
    Technical data
    Wärtsilä 31DF IMO Tier III
    Cylinder bore 310 mm Fuel specification: Fuel oil
    Piston stroke 430 mm 700 cSt/50


    7200 sR1/100°F
    Cylinder output 550 kW/cyl ISO 8217, category ISO-F-RMK 700 ISO-F-DMA, ISO-F-DMB, ISO-F-DMZ ,ULSF
    Speed 750 rpm  
    Mean effective pressure 27.1 bar Gas: Methane number ³ 80
    BSEC 7205 kJ/kWh
    BSGC 7090 kJ/kWh
    Piston speed 10.75 m/s
    Engine platform A* A B C F Weight (tons)
    Wärtsilä 8V31 6175 6114 3205 3113 1496 56.7
    Wärtsilä 10V31 6813 6754 3205 3113 1496 62.0
    Wärtsilä 12V31 7900 7840 2628 3500 1496 73.0
    Wärtsilä 14V31 8540 8480 2660 3500 1496 81.0
    Wärtsilä 16V31 9130 9070 2660 3500 1496 89.0
    Rated power 
    Engine type
    8V31DF 4400
    10V31DF 5500
    12V31DF 6600
    14V31DF 7700
    16V31DF 8800
    W31 technical data W
    Download brochure

    The Wärtsilä UNIC is an embedded engine control system for Wärtsilä 4-stroke engines incorporating decades of experience, knowledge and expertise. It makes engines safe, environmentally energy efficient, reliable and flexible. Read more in the brochure. 

    Wärtsilä UNIC


    The Wärtsilä 31 is designed to be suitable for a broad range of ship types and applications, both as a main propulsion engine and in diesel electric configurations, or as an auxiliary engine. It can be optimised for running either at constant speed or along a propeller curve. In the Offshore sector, the Wärtsilä 31 is a perfect solution for OSV´s and drilling or semi-submersible vessels, where operational flexibility, high power density, long intervals between overhauls, and high levels of safety are of paramount importance.

    Methane Number

    Wärtsilä Methane Number Calculator

    We have developed this tool for ship owners and operators to calculate the Methane Number of the fuel gas.
    The calculation result indicates whether or not the given gas quality is suitable for use in Wärtsilä dual-fuel engines.

    Methane CH4
    Iso-butane (2-Methylpropane)i-C4H10
    Iso-pentane (2-Methylbutane)i-C5H12
    Neo-pentane (2,2-Dimethylpropane) neo-C5H12
    Mix-hexaneMix C6H14
    Mix-heptaneMix C7H16
    Carbondioxide C02
    Nitrogen N2
    Hydrogen sulfideH2S
    Total mol%
    Wärtsilä Methane number (WMN)
    Propane Knock Index (PKI)
    The calculation tool is owned by Wärtsilä and is made for customer use and is for guidance only. Changes in the tool is reserved at any time.

    Find out what makes the Wärtsilä 31 tick

    Find out what makes the Wärtsilä 31...

    Next generation automation system enables Wärtsilä 31 performance. Download the brochure.

    Common rail fuel injection rules the...

    Very few marine engines are awarded a Guinness World Record. Thanks to Wärtsilä’s common rail injection...
    28 July 2017
    • Twentyfour7. article

    Press releases

    Product hologram

    Related material

    Wärtsilä 31 - the most efficient engine in the world

    Welcome to a brand-new generation of engines. The Wärtsilä 31 is setting a new standard for energy efficiency, delivering the lowest level of fuel consumption of any four-stroke engine worldwide.
    20 October 2015
    • Twentyfour7. article

    Contact us

    If you have an inquiry concerning an existing installation, please send us a service inquiry. For ENERGY applications, please use the Energy inquiries form. Please fill in the form on the right if you have an inquiry related to MARINE ENGINES. Fields indicated with an asterisk (*) are required.

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