Makuhari Power Plant, Japan
Makuhari Japan + Wärtsilä

Reference case

Trigeneration – ALL-IN-ONE for 24/7 comfort

The growing demand for natural gas as fuel and the increasing importance of environmental values in Japan have encouraged investments in gas-fired power generation systems.

The green point of view has also contributed to the rise of interest towards trigeneration energy sources. This shift in mindset and energy policy has created an opportunity for Wärtsilä to offer its trigeneration solutions to Energy Advance (ENAC) in the form of the Makuhari District Heating and Cooling (DHC) Centre power plant. ENAC is an energy services provider and a subsidiary of Tokyo Gas, Japan’s largest gas company. For Tokyo Gas, ENAC is a way of promoting cogeneration services to its customers nationwide. The trend in the market shows a growing need for trigeneration as well as Combined Heat & Power (CHP) technologies located close to end-users, near the point of consumption.

The extension consists of two Wärtsilä 34SG gensets, two exhaust gas boilers rated at 4.5 tonnes/h and 5.6 tonnes/h of steam, and two chillers; one electrical turbo-chiller and one absorption chiller, out of which Wärtsilä supplied the gas engine generators, auxiliaries and control systems. Wärtsilä also made a 10-year maintenance agreement with ENAC in order to ensure the reliability of plant operations, minimise risks and keep the plant productive and profitable. The agreement transfers the responsibility of maintenance to Wärtsilä and increases the customer’s financial predictability by covering maintenance intervals and service with fixed prices.

The Makuhari DHC Centre, located between the city of Tokyo and Narita International Airport, is situated in the Makuhari Business Centre, an area of more than 500 hectares consisting of apartments, hotels, schools, shopping centres and office buildings. The plant provides round-the-clock electricity, heating and cooling for nine customers ensuring year-round comfort for guests of the Makuhari Messe convention centre, five hotels, office buildings and a shopping centre. Not a single watt produced is wasted since the energy surplus not used by these nine customers is sold to the grid.

Wärtsilä 34SG engines were chosen for this power plant for mainly two reasons: because of the high efficiency they achieve and because they are pure gas engines which do not require any liquid ignition. Using CHP technology in electricity production allows overall efficiency up to 77% in this case. Besides the high efficiency rates, gas engines of this size can be run flexibly according to demand. As the city of Makuhari is progressing into becoming a more environmentally friendly community, using natural gas as fuel works perfectly as a stepping stone towards a more sustainable future.

The Wärtsilä 34SG engines combined with cooling and heating properties allow ENAC to focus on its core competence of providing energy services to its nine main customers. The solution provided by Wärtsilä is in line with the environmental values of ENAC as well as the energy and heat demand of the Makuhari New City.

WhoEnergy Advance Co.
What1 x Wärtsilä 20V34SG + 1 x Wärtsilä 16V34SG Trigeneration
WhereMakuhari, Japan
HowEEQ (Engineered equipment delivery)


This is what we achieved


MW of electrical output


MW of district heating output


Tonnes of CO2 emissions reduced per year

Since the Wärtsilä gas engines were taken into operation in 2007, they have run well in a daily start and stop mode. Each engine reaches about 30,000 running hours with reliable operation.

Mr. Atsuya Ono, Chief Manager, Makuhari District Heating & Cooling, Operation Center, Energy Advance Co.,Ltd

How we did it

Challenge icon


  • Progression into becoming a more environmentally friendly city
  • Providing continuous and reliable electricity, heat and cooling to Makuhari New City
  • Location in the middle of densely populated Makuhari City

Solution icon


  • Wärtsilä 34SG engines and natural gas as fuel
  • Wärtsilä 34SG engines as a suitable power generation source
  • Clean and quiet operation of the trigeneration plant
Benefit icon


  • Cutting CO2 emissions by 24,000 tonnes per year compared to conventional DHC systems
  • High electrical & thermal efficiencies, no liquid fuel needed for ignition
  • Capability to provide energy to the whole city, minimal heat and electricity transmission losses

The main details

CustomerEnergy Advance Co. (Utility)
TypeWärtsilä 34SG gas trigeneration power plant
Operating modeFlexible baseload
Gensets1 x Wärtsilä 20V34SG + 1 x Wärtsilä 16V34SG
Total output15.7 MWe + 10.85 MWth
FuelNatural gas
ScopeEEQ (Engineered Equipment Delivery)
Makuhari map

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