Wärtsilä Liquid Cargo Handling Simulators

Liquid Cargo Handling simulators (LCHS) are designed to train and certify crew members of liquid cargo tankers, gas carriers and terminals, as well as other staff responsible for the safe cargo handling and the operation of auxiliary equipment. LCHS provides an exact, detailed copy of vessel/terminal systems and its compartments. This simulator is an ideal solution for training centres, academies, government authorities, shipping companies, coastal centres and crewing agencies. 

    Description

    Purpose

    Liquid Cargo Handling simulators are designed to train and certify crew members of liquid cargo tankers, gas carriers and terminals, as well as other staff responsible for the safe cargo handling and the operation of auxiliary equipment. Liquid Cargo Handling simulator provides an exact, detailed copy of vessel/terminal systems and its compartments. This simulator is an ideal solution for training centres, academies, government authorities, shipping companies, coastal centres and crewing agencies. It also enables onboard training and demonstration of competency.

    Functionality

    Liquid Cargo Handling Simulator replicates a cargo control room, allowing a comprehensive study of the tanker and terminal layout, including its machinery and systems, according to international standards and requirements:

      • General arrangement of the tanker and its systems;
      • Maintenance of the tanker systems on management level;
      • Control of vessel ballast system;
      • Control of trim, stability and stress;
      • Prevention of oil pollution from the ship;
      • Proficiency in tanker technological operation;
      • Monitor the loading, stowage, securing and unloading of cargoes and their care during the voyage;
      • Maintain seaworthiness of the ship, plan and ensure safe loading, stowage, securing, care during the voyage and unloading of cargoes;
      • Control of pump and piping systems;
      • Operation of ballast and cargo handling system;
      • Control trim, stability and stress;
      • Resource management;
      • Respond to emergencies;
      • Take precautions to prevent pollution of the environment;
      • Tanker/terminal interaction: cargo transfer systems, shore storage, shore equipment and instrumentation;
      • Safely perform and monitor all cargo operations.

    Advantages

    Loading control system

    Tanks, hull strength, ship stability and ship loading in the simulator are calculated by the Load Calculator System. This program links all the necessary shipboard calculations with the ship loading, its stability and strength. The inclusion of this program is driven by STCW 2010 recommendation B 1/12, i 40 (2,3).

    Various Model types

    Ship model library includes the major gas and oil tankers used in the marine cargo handling industry worldwide. All simulator models are based on the real ship prototypes and replicate its system. The terminal simulators reproduce the real gas/oil terminal stations equipment and provide a trainee with detailed layout familiarization and management of the terminal systems.

    Different cargo types

    Different cargo types can be selected from the simulator databases. Operations are carried out for almost all types of cargo.

    Mathematical Model

    The math-model allows processes to be accelerated in order to reduce the training time, without any deterioration in realism.

    Graphics User Interface

    The interface is optimized for familiarisation with the operating principles of the entire system and to provide practical skills in equipment handling. The main tanker units are depicted as 3D objects, showing cross sections of individual assemblies. Computer animation is used to display current processes.

    Complience

    The Liquid Cargo Handling Simulator meets the requirements of international standards:

    • Standard training for ship officers of all vessel types within the competency framework of STCW 2010 (with Manila amendments) Convention requirements;
    • IMO model courses: IMO 2.06 “Oil Tanker Cargo and Ballast Handling Simulator”; IMO 1.01 “Basic Training for Oil and Chemical Tanker Cargo Operations”; IMO 1.02 “Advanced Training for Oil Tanker Cargo Operations”; IMO 1.03 “Advanced Training for Chemical Tanker Cargo Operations”; IMO 1.04 “Basic Training for Liquefied Gas Tanker Cargo Operations”; IMO 1.05 “Advanced Training for Liquefied Gas Tanker Cargo Operations”; IMO 1.06 “Specialized Training for Liquefied Gas Tankers”; IMO 1.35 “Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Tanker Cargo & Ballast Handling Simulator”;IMO 1.36 “Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Tanker Cargo &Ballast Handling Simulator”; IMO 1.37 “Chemical Tanker Cargo & Ballast Handling Simulator”;
    • DNV GL-ST-0033 Maritime Simulator Systems standard;
    • OCIMF marine terminal training and competence assessment guidelines for oil terminal and product terminals;
    • MARPOL 73/78 requirements;
    • SIGTTO requirements

    Configurations
    Standalone mode for self-study or shipboard operations 


    Standalone mode





    PC-based networked class for group and team training under instructor supervision

    PC_based networked class






    Full mission mode for professional hands-on training in realistic immersive ship like environment

    Full mission mode


    Simulator components

    Instructor workstation

    • Dual monitor workstation demonstrating all trainee’s actions during an exercise;
    • 3 operating modules:
    • Intercom and Audio/Video loggers;
    • e-Tutor – automated assessment and monitoring system.

    Trainee workstation

    • Panels, imitating the real equipment of Cargo Control Room of the ship;
    • Panels, imitating the screens of Cargo Monitoring System software installed on the ship;
    • Interactive scalable drawings of the systems and subsystems in the cargo/ballast handling operations;
    • Interactive 3D visualisation of the ship with deck equipment control;
    • 3D visualisation of the pictures presented by the ship/pier CCTV;
    • 3D visualisation channels of the Cargo Control Room window view;
    • Loading Control System.

    Simulated systems

    • Tank Washing System;
    • Deckwash Fire System;
    • ODME System;
    • Gas Detection System;
    • Loading control system;
    • Submerged Cargo Pumping System/Steam driven cargo pumps;
    • Ballast System;
    • Cargo System;
    • Tank Heating System;
    • Inert Gas System.
    Models

    LNG tanker

    Length BP            302.00 m
    Breadth moulded             50.00 m
    Draught moulded            12,00 m
    Cargo tanks capacity       217459 cbm
    Ballast tanks capacity      72676.80 cbm
    Cargo electrical pumps  20 pumps
    Ballast electrical pumps 4 pumps

     

    LNG terminal

    Annual Average Throughput       5bn Nm³/yr
    Maximum Throughput Rate         656,000 Nm³ /hr
    Max. working pressure at the outlet from the terminal    8.4 MPa
    Minimum gas temperature at the outlet from the terminal            1 °C
    Ship Unloading Rate        12,000 m³/hr
    Minimum output rate    75,000 Nm³/hr
    Storage tanks, cbm          2×160,000

     

    Chemical tanker

    Length overall    161.12 m
    Length BP            149.80 m
    Breadth 23.00 m
    Draught as Oil Tanker     9,80 m
    Draught as Chemical Tanker        9.95 m
    GT          13666 tns
    NT          6687 tns
    Displacement (9.80)        28921 tns
    DWT (9.80)         21570 tns
    DWT (9,95)         22150 tns
    Cargo tanks (total)           23731 m3
    Ballast Water (total)       9604 m3

     

    Product tanker

    Tonnage and dimensions
    DWT (12.2)         47400 tns
    Length Overall   182.50 m
    Length B.P.         174.80 m
    Breadth moulded             32.20 m
    Depth moulded 17.50 m
    Cargo handling
    Cargo tanks (inc. slop tanks)        54 298 m3
    Ballast tanks       21 726 m3
    Cargo hydraulic pumps  12×550 m3/h
    Ballast hydraulic pumps 2×1000 m3/h
    Depth moulded Steam, 80º


    LPG tanker

    Length overall    115.0 m
    Length BP            108.1 m
    Breadth 18.60 m
    Depth   10.6 m
    Designed draught            7.40 m
    Scantling draught             8.65 m
    Gross tonnage (intern)  7465 tns
    Net tonnage (intern)      2239 tns
    Cargo tank capacity         8045.0 cbm
    Ballast tank capacity        1977.0 cbm

     

    LCC tanker

    Length overall    248.964 m
    Length BP            239.00 m
    Breadth 43.80 m
    Depth   21.00 m
    Designed draught            13.60 m
    Scantling draught             14.90 m
    Cargo tank capacity         130114.8 cbm
    Ballast tank capacity        41125.8 cbm
    No of Cargo tanks (inc. slops)      14
    No of Ballast tanks (inc. F/P & A/P)           14
    No of cargo manifold      3×16" (P&S)
    Cargo pumps     3×2,800 m3 130 m TH (vertical; centrifugal; self-priming; steam turbine)
    Stripper pump   1×200 m3 130 m TH (steam driven vert duplex double acting type pump)
    Cargo pumps     3×2,800 m3 130 m TH (vertical; centrifugal; self-priming; steam turbine)
    Cargo eductor   1×600 m3 25 m TH (driving with copt)
    Ballast pumps    2×1,500 m3 25 m TH (vertical centrifugal; 1 steam & 1 elect driven)
    Ballast eductor  1×300 m3 25 m TH (water from bilge fire & G/S pumps)
    Inert gas system               Flue gas
    Inert gas fans     1×10,500 m3/hrs + 1×5,250 m3/hr

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