To encourage private sector participation in manufacturing and foster industrial clusters, industrial zones were first introduced by the Myanmar Government in the 1990s, thus creating a base of manufacturing operations in and around the country’s major cities.
The number of industrial zones has grown only gradually over the years. At present, more than 20 industrial zones are established in Yangon as the former capital has more developed transport and infrastructure facilities than other areas, including the Yangon international airport that has been recently upgraded and a cluster of seaports that handle the bulk of the country’s merchandise trade. As a result, most of Myanmar’s labour-intensive, export-oriented industries are concentrated in this area to this day.
Among all those incentives that an industrial park provides to investors and factories owners, one of the most important needs is to provide them with a reliable, stable and 24/7 access to electricity, otherwise, factories will not be able to operate.
In this paper, we will explore the various power generation options that are available to provide electricity to an industrial zone located in Myanmar such as grid connection, high-speed engines rental solution and a medium-speed reciprocating engines captive power plant. This paper will also investigate the possible liquid fuel available for such a captive power plant located in an industrial zone and also, the feasibility of cogeneration since some factories in the industrial zone require steam production for their processes. Using the levelised cost of generated electricity, this paper will present case studies of power plants using medium-speed internal combustion engines capable of running on liquid fuel versus high-speed rental solutions.