Pathways towards 100% carbon reduction for electric utility power systems

WHITE PAPER

Pathways towards 100% carbon reduction for electric utility power systems

Pathways towards 100% carbon reduction for electric utility power systems


Electric utilities and government agencies are moving towards 100% carbon-free energy. Despite the enthusiasm behind this goal there are a considerable number of open questions. For example, what is the cost of a “carbon-free” system versus a “carbon-neutral system”? And what are these costs relative to? This white paper addresses these questions by determining the costs and carbon reduction trajectories associated with 100% targets.

New Regulatory Frameworks for Grid Stability

This white paper addresses factors to be considered in developing policy frameworks to enable successful high penetration of RE into conventional energy systems.
Path to 100% Renewables for California

This white paper explores a new path that would enable California to meet its goal of 100% clean electricity by 2040 — five years ahead of schedule.
© 2020 Wärtsilä