The Wärtsilä Serck Como multi-stage flash (MSF) evaporator is utilised for producing fresh water from seawater, well water or industrial water.
A special advantage of the multi-stage flash technology is that the specific heat consumption (or thermal efficiency) can be continuously adapted to the individual requirements of each application.
The produced distillate has a very low salt content which makes it suitable as technical water (e.g. boiler feed water). The distillate quality and quantity are independent from the seawater temperature which makes the MSF technology a reliable source for freshwater.
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After leaving the first stage condenser, the seawater flows through the brine heater, where the heat input to the plant (steam or engine jacket water) causes a further temperature increase. The seawater leaves the brine heater and enters the first flash chamber, reaching a brine top temperature of approx. 80°C. At this point the pressure of the incoming seawater is suddenly reduced, by means of an orifice, below its equilibrium vapour pressure resulting in explosive boiling or evaporation (flashing). The pure vapour produced is then condensed giving up its latent heat to preheat the incoming seawater. If this process is repeated over a large number of effects, at successively lower pressures and temperatures, large distillate production rates at reasonable performance ratios can be achieved.
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