Robustness & reliability as the prime mover in smaller vessels or for generating set applications
The Wärtsilä 20 has proven its robustness and reliability with over 4000 engines delivered since its introduction to the market in the early 1990s. The engine can switch from MDO to HFO and vice versa without power interruption at any engine operation load.
The Wärtsilä 20 engine is fully compliant with the IMO Tier II exhaust emissions regulations set out in Annex VI of the MARPOL 73/78 convention.
|Wärtsilä 20||IMO Tier II|
|Cylinder bore||200 mm||Fuel specification:|
|Piston stroke||280 mm||Fuel oil||700 cSt/50oC|
|Cylinder output||200 kW/cyl||7200 sR1/100oC|
|Speed||1000 rpm||ISO 8217, category ISO-F-RMK 700|
|Mean effective pressure||27.3 bar||SFOC 185 g/kWh at ISO condition|
|Piston speed||9.3 m/s|
|Option: Common rail fuel injection.|
|Dimensions (mm) and weights (tonnes)|
|4L20||-||2 510||-||1 348||-||1 483||1 800||725||7.2|
|6L20||3 254||3 108||1 528||1 348||1 580||1 579||1 800||624||9.3|
|8L20||3 973||3 783||1 614||1 465||1 756||1 713||1 800||624||11.0|
|9L20||4 261||4 076||1 614||1 449||1 756||1 713||1 800||624||11.6|
A* - Total length of the engine when the turbocharger is located at the flywheel end.
A - Total length of the engine when the turbocharger is located at the free end.
B - Height from the crankshaft centreline to the highest point.
B* - Height from the crankshaft centreline to the highest point when the turbocharger is located at the flywheel end.
C - Total width of the engine.
C* - Total width of the engine when the turbocharger is located at the flywheel end.
D - Minimum height from the crankshaft centreline when removing a piston.
F - Distance from the crankshaft centreline to the bottom of the oil sump.
Dimensions and weights
- Dimensions are in millimetres and weights are in metric tonnes. Indicated values are for guidance only and are not binding.
- Cylinder configurations: L = in-line and V = v-form.
Specific fuel oil consumption
At ISO standard reference conditions
Lower calorific value of fuel 42 700 kJ/kg
Without engine driven pumps
At 85% load
ISO standard reference conditions
Total barometric pressure: 1.0 bar
Suction air temperature: 25 °C
Charge air, or scavenge air, cooling water temperature: 25 °C
Relative humidity: 30%
Wärtsilä engines are delivered with the UNIC embedded engine management system.
The UNIC system is designed to ensure extended lifetime for large marine diesel and gas engines operating in the toughest of conditions. Special attention has been paid to temperature- and vibration endurance throughout the design, while the highest priority has been given to operational reliability.
Key features of the UNIC system include the engine safety system, local monitoring, speed control with loadsharing, fuel injection- and timing control, knock detection, alarm signal acquisition, start/stop sequencing, load reduction request, system diagnostics, and a fieldbus interface as applicable for each engine configuration.
Thanks to the electronic control, the engine can be adapted to different operating conditions. Furthermore, the pre-tested configuration allows the engine or generating set to be made ready for operation with a minimum of commissioning and installation work.
The ‘MPV Hirta’, launched in 2008, is Marine Scotland’s newest vessel. For the diesel electric propulsion system, Wärtsilä supplied three Wärtsilä 9L20 engines driving a reduction gear and a controllable pitch propeller. »
The Ro-Ro cargo ‘Genca’ was delivered in 2007 and features a machinery installation that includes two Wärtsilä 12V46C main engines geared to controllable pitch propellers, and two Wärtsilä 8L20 auxiliary engines. »
The multi-purpose container carrier 'Wladyslaw Orkan', delivered in 2003, features a machinery installation that includes a Wärtsilä 7RT-flex60C main engine and three Wärtsilä 6L20 auxiliary engines. »
For the 16400 dwt chemical tanker ‘Sten Idun’, delivered in 2003, Wärtsilä is supplying an extensive machinery package that includes a Wärtsilä 6L46 main engine, gearbox, controllable pitch propeller and rudder. »
Conditions for use
The 2D and 3D models and drawings downloaded (”Marine Solutions Drawings”) are for general guidance purposes only and should not be used for actual projects. Models and drawings for specific projects must be obtained from the appropriate Wärtsilä personnel as there may be deviations from the Downloadable Files.
File formats supported include DXF and PDF for 2D models and IGES, STEP, DXF, SAT and WRML for 3D models. A 2D DXF or PDF should always be used to support the 3D models. The Downloadable Files are subject to changes or improvements by Wärtsilä without notification so please check regularly for new and updated files at www.wartsila.com.
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